The Bechdel Test. The Rule


A character in Dykes to Watch Out For explains the rules that later came to be known as the Bechdel test (1985)*

The rules now known as the Bechdel test first appeared in 1985 in Alison Bechdel's comic strip Dykes To Watch Out For. In a strip titled "The Rule", two women, who resemble the future characters Mo and Ginger,[9]discuss seeing a film and one woman explains that she only goes to a movie if it satisfies the following requirements:
  1. The movie has to have at least two women in it,
  2. who talk to each other,
  3. about something besides a man.[10][11][12]

Virginia Woolf foreshadows...

‘All these relationships between women, I thought, rapidly recalling the splendid gallery of fictitious women, are too simple. ... And I tried to remember any case in the course of my reading where two women are represented as friends. ... They are now and then mothers and daughters. But almost without exception they are shown in their relation to men. It was strange to think that all the great women of fiction were, until Jane Austen's day, not only seen by the other sex, but seen only in relation to the other sex. And how small a part of a woman's life is that ...’ [4]

...Vocativ's authors also found that the films that passed the test earned a total of $4.22 billion in the United States, while those that failed earned $2.66 billion in total, leading them to conclude that a way for Hollywood to make more money might be to "put more women onscreen."[36]A

Quoting from:

Just to add my male, white raised middle class comment, there is solutionz. They aren’t rocket science. In a way they are encapsulated in this flow diagram. I think you can freely substitute your own words in some places in the flow tree. At the same time I do believe there is a hierarchy of oppression. It currently starts with gender. There are pressing issues about ethnicity, class and so on but gender equitability is core.